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По-важни предлози в английския език

prepositions-of-place-and-movement

Prepositions – Time

(Предлози за време)

English Usage Example
  • on
  • days of the week
  • on Monday
  • in
  • months / seasons
  • time of day
  • year
  • after a certain period of time (when?)
  • in August / in winter
  • in the morning
  • in 2006
  • in an hour
  • at
  • for night
  • for weekend
  • a certain point of time (when?)
  • at night
  • at the weekend
  • at half past nine
  • since
  • from a certain point of time (past till now)
  • since 1980
  • for
  • over a certain period of time (past till now)
  • for 2 years
  • ago
  • a certain time in the past
  • 2 years ago
  • before
  • earlier than a certain point of time
  • before 2004
  • to
  • telling the time
  • ten to six (5:50)
  • past
  • telling the time
  • ten past six (6:10)
  • to / till / until
  • marking the beginning and end of a period of time
  • from Monday to/till Friday
  • till / until
  • in the sense of how long something is going to last
  • He is on holiday until Friday.
  • by
  • in the sense of at the latest
  • up to a certain time
  • I will be back by 6 o’clock.
  • By 11 o’clock, I had read five pages.

 

prep

 

AT/IN/ON

 

 

Prepositions – Place (Position and Direction)

Предлози за местоположение и посока

English Usage Example
  • in
  • room, building, street, town, country
  • book, paper etc.
  • car, taxi
  • picture, world
  • in the kitchen, in London
  • in the book
  • in the car, in a taxi
  • in the picture, in the world
  • at
  • meaning next to, by an object
  • for table
  • for events
  • place where you are to do something typical (watch a film, study, work)
  • at the door, at the station
  • at the table
  • at a concert, at the party
  • at the cinema, at school, at work
  • on
  • attached
  • for a place with a river
  • being on a surface
  • for a certain side (left, right)
  • for a floor in a house
  • for public transport
  • for television, radio
  • the picture on the wall
  • London lies on the Thames.
  • on the table
  • on the left
  • on the first floor
  • on the bus, on a plane
  • on TV, on the radio
  • by, next to, beside
  • left or right of somebody or something
  • Jane is standing by / next to / beside the car.
  • under
  • on the ground, lower than (or covered by) something else
  • the bag is under the table
  • below
  • lower than something else but above ground
  • the fish are below the surface
  • over
  • covered by something else
  • meaning more than
  • getting to the other side (also across)
  • overcoming an obstacle
  • put a jacket over your shirt
  • over 16 years of age
  • walk over the bridge
  • climb over the wall
  • above
  • higher than something else, but not directly over it
  • a path above the lake
  • across
  • getting to the other side (also over)
  • getting to the other side
  • walk across the bridge
  • swim across the lake
  • through
  • something with limits on top, bottom and the sides
  • drive through the tunnel
  • to
  • movement to person or building
  • movement to a place or country
  • for bed
  • go to the cinema
  • go to London / Ireland
  • go to bed
  • into
  • enter a room / a building
  • go into the kitchen / the house
  • towards
  • movement in the direction of something (but not directly to it)
  • go 5 steps towards the house
  • onto
  • movement to the top of something
  • jump onto the table
  • from
  • in the sense of where from
  • a flower from the garden

 

prep2

AT/IN/ON/NO PREPOSITIONS

 

Other important Prepositions

Други важни предлози

English Usage Example
  • from
  • who gave it
  • a present from Jane
  • of
  • who/what does it belong to
  • what does it show
  • a page of the book
  • the picture of a palace
  • by
  • who made it
  • a book by Mark Twain
  • on
  • walking or riding on horseback
  • entering a public transport vehicle
  • on foot, on horseback
  • get on the bus
  • in
  • entering a car  / Taxi
  • get in the car
  • off
  • leaving a public transport vehicle
  • get off the train
  • out of
  • leaving a car  / Taxi
  • get out of the taxi
  • by
  • rise or fall of something
  • travelling (other than walking or horseriding)
  • prices have risen by 10 percent
  • by car, by bus
  • at
  • for age
  • she learned Russian at 45
  • about
  • for topics, meaning what about
  • we were talking about you

 

Prepositions after certain verbs:

 

Предлози след някои глаголои:

  • arrive at / in somewhere
    We arrived at the airport.
    We arrived in London.
  • belong to somebody
    This book belongs to me.
  • borrow something from somebody
    I borrow a book from my classmate.
  • concentrate on something / doing something
    I concentrated on studying at the weekend.
  • depend on something / somebody
    It depends on the weather.
  • explain something to somebody
    The teacher explained the exercise to the students.
  • listen to something / somebody
    I listen to music.
  • pay somebody for something
    I pay the waiter for the coffee.
  • wait for somebody / something
    Wait for me!
  • worry about somebody / something Don’t worry about a thing!
List of common adjectives and the prepositions that normally follow them:

Списък с често срещани прилагателни и предлозите, които обикновено ги следват:

accustomed to afraid of answerable to attached to
aware of capable of dependent on different to
doubtful about enthusiastic about excited about famous for
fond of guilty of interested in keen on
opposed to pleased with popular with proud of
related to rich in satisfied with serious about
similar to suitable for suspicious of used to (= accustomed to)

 

 

The most common prepositions after adjectives:

Най-често срещаниете предлози след някои прилагателни:

 

annoyed about something The Ministry was annoyed about criticism in the paper

annoyed with someone They were. annoyed with us for charging them

good/bad at something I’m very bad at mathematics.

good/bad for something The expected cut in interest will be good for industry.

good/bad with something She should be in Marketing. She’s very good with customers.

responsible to someone The Export Manager is responsible to the Sales Director.

responsible for something He is responsible for preparing handouts.

sorry about something I am sorry about the job. It’s a shame you didn’t get it.

sorry for doing something He said he was sorry for keeping me waiting.

(feel) sorry for someone I feel very sorry for Peter. He has been fired.

 

 

Exercises with keys (упражнения с отговори):

 

Prepositions of time:

http://www.perfect-english-grammar.com/time-prepositions-exercise-1.html

http://www.perfect-english-grammar.com/time-prepositions-exercise-2.html

Prepositions of place:

http://www.perfect-english-grammar.com/prepositions-of-place-exercise-1.html

http://www.perfect-english-grammar.com/prepositions-of-place-exercise-2.html

Prepositions of time and place (Предлози за място и време)

http://www.myenglishpages.com/site_php_files/grammar-exercise-prepositions.php#.VChokza552M

Prepositions after verbs:

http://www.perfect-english-grammar.com/verbs-and-prepositions-exercise-1.html

http://www.perfect-english-grammar.com/verbs-and-prepositions-exercise-2.html

Prepositions after adjectives:

http://www.perfect-english-grammar.com/adjectives-and-prepositions-exercise-1.html

Mixed (смесени):

http://www.better-english.com/grammar/prepositions.htm

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